December 11, 2020

reflection about decision making

The combination of confidence with the ability to listen to others and learn from them is the key to increase the decision-making abilities over a period of time (Phillips & Gully, 2011). These constraints involve environmental as well as personal factors which ultimately reduce the rationality, like time, resources and uncertainty (Hastie & Dawes, 2009). I started to critically examine how I make decisions when working as a research assistant. The decision maker has to make consistent, rational and value maximizing choices within the specified organizational or personal constraints. These assumptions are: the decision maker is possessed with complete information; he is able to identify all the relevant options and that too in an unbiased manner; and chooses the option that has the best utility. This process comes under bounded rationality in which the human mind cannot formulate and then solve the problems in a full rational way. System 2 is the analytical, “critical thinking” way of making decisions. He had 1.5 years of experience in the related field but not the exact field for which the applications were invited. Once these constraints are well understood in a decision making situation, better decision could be taken for satisfactory outcomes. Decision making is an important part of the management processes and is considered as a key skill at the workplace as well as other scenarios where critical decisions are to be taken. Receive assured help from our talented and expert writers! Decisions, simple or complex, impact our daily lives. RLF Reflection: Decision-Making in Uncertain Times. Formal search could have avoided the risk of availability heuristics while making the decision of giving rates to the employees, thus leading to satisfactory outcomes (Schermerhorn, 2011). The manager, in the present scenario discussed, made the decision of selecting the candidate in the past, and is now confident that he has made the best hiring decision regardless of the evidences that show the opposite situation. Knowledge of the factor of availability bias can solve the problem of understanding of the overall performance of the employee. The reflection used while teaching whereby the teacher seeks to respond to ongoing situations is known as reflection in action. Background: Reflecting ("stop-and-think") before rating may help patients consider the quality of shared decision making (SDM) and mitigate ceiling/halo effects that limit the performance of … In one situation, I had to work with my supervisor to select a candidate for a post that required prior experience in the same field. One candidate passed the preliminary interview and was selected for the second round of interview. It is important to focus on the interest and not on positions, allowing for mutual gain and acceptance of the objective criteria (Sanderson & Gruen, 2006). The normative heuristics suggests that the decision making process is characterized by limited processing of the information, judgmental heuristics are present while making decisions as they are the shortcuts to the way of simplified decision making, and satisficing which means that the solution that meet the minimum requirements and is good enough as a solution is chosen. Over the first 4 weeks of this class we have had many class discussions and readings, which have brought up a great deal of thinking. I worked as an intern in XYZ Company in the HR department and my role was to assist the manager in its HR activities, such as recruitment, selection, making performance sheets and making checklists for determining the performance of the employees on the sheet. Reflection can be used in improving decision making by firstly, understanding the various levels of reflection and how best to use them so as to be effective (Danielson, 2008). It is the ability to blend information and make decisions that will later be … Fortunately, you don’t necessarily have to crash and burn first (though crashing and burning tends to get some entrepreneurs’ attention for the first time). This model takes into consideration the fact that decision makers are bound by certain constraints while they make any decision. Therefore, the appropriate understanding of the models, theories and concepts related to decision making process can improve the level of decision making, thus making the organization able to achieve the intended outcomes through critical decisions made in complex situations. Get Your Court Ordered Decision Making Course Certificate In a Few Easy Steps. The decisions made in the past affect the choices available today and the decisions that are to be made today (Keller, Siegrist & Gutscher, 2006). It is integral for attaining success at the workplace and in life (Jaeger, 2001). Professional Development, Reflection and Decision-Making in Nursing and Health Care, Second Edition, is essential reading for nurses and healthcare professionals, nursing students and postgraduates, and other healthcare practitioners. Show More. Knowledge of the normative model can help the managers and the other decision makers to understand the constraints present in front of them in form of limited information and the tendency to use judgmental heuristics (Hastie & Dawes, 2009). Understanding of the theoretical concept of availability bias at the time of making the decision of giving moderate rating to the candidate in performance appraisal by the manager could have could have solved the problem of decision making in performance appraisal (Gilovich, Griffin & Kahneman, 2002). If decision making as an individual action is difficult enough, it is all the more complicated when performed by a group. The decision maker captures the simplified model and then makes the decision within confined understanding of complex problems that can lead to satisfactory outcomes (Champoux, 2010). These six steps include defining the problem, identification of the decision criteria, allocation of weights to the criteria, development of alternatives, evaluation of alternatives and selection of the best alternative. I was gaining a good knowledge regarding the methods and activities involved in functioning and processes of human resource department. Reflection On Decision Making. For me, making decisions is really a hard work. The model relies on a number of assumptions. Evidence-based decision making is a prescriptive approach to making choices based on ideas of how research and theory can be used to improve decision making in regards to delivery and quality of patient care. The rational action theory of Simon suggests that managers tend to remain rational in their decision making, but the fact is that the problems are very complex in nature. The course co vered the v arious approaches to decision-making includ-ing self-reflection,history,economics,culture,family,evidenced-based practice, media, group decision-making, and health care policy.These various approaches were to be used by nurses in clinical settings, but actual clinical decision-making tools were not part of this course. ^��貱��[��O{"�b�����������T? Decision making is an important part of the management processes and is considered as a key skill at the workplace as well as other scenarios where critical decisions are to be taken. As salary was negotiable, he was appointed for a good amount of remuneration based on his prior experience and his excel in the work. Following these steps to make the decision suitable and right in the given situation demands simplification of the complexities of the situations so as to come at the satisfactory outcomes (Robbins, 2010). Another model that can be applied to the decision making process and can increase the understanding of decision making is normative model. Events that have occurred more recently have the tendency to remain more available in the memory of people. There are a variety of ways in which we make decisions, such as decision trees, force field analysis, lists of pros and cons, talking to friends and family, and so forth. 1101 Words 4 Pages. Instead, he recalled the time recently when the employee showed good performance. If this framework had been studied at the situation I faced at the workplace, I could have understood the assumptions of the model in real context and the limitations in making the decision. Decision-making is a key skill in the workplace, and is particularly important if you want to be an effective leader.HR managers have a great task of simplifying complex information and deducing facts especially while interviewing and selecting candidates. Decision-making process is a reasoning process based on assumptions of values, preferences and beliefs of the decision-maker. There must be adequate knowledge, objectivity and commitment. This proved to be a timely topic as converging pandemics has largely disrupted every aspect of our lives. Reflective frameworks are more than often used to consider options and determine possible action. Decision making is one of the very important aspects in business organizations as well as in personal life. All the aspects involved in a particular situation should be taken into consideration before making any decision. News. Did you buy assignment and assignment writing services from our experts in a very affordable price. My result of the self-assessments of decision-making shows I have a behavioral style which indicates vague options cannot be tolerated for me and I may pay more attention to the people and social concern. Every decision-making process produces a final choice, which may or may not prompt action. The risk with this bias in decision making is that the manager’s decision of rating the employee on average performance based on his recent performance ignores the true picture of the overall performance of the employee during the whole period (Keller, Siegrist & Gutscher, 2006). Contacts Email: info@reflectionsinc.us. Reflection is like looking into the mirror and saying what you see. � �]�r�8���O��Ԯ�[���o)�\�$3�I6�q�R�SS)��$��%H��U�[uWu��k��\w A��W�����X"A������гo^�;}���Wl�N“�g������G�*�$��,]LE����t��qu�q���0��4��-��ldR0�&��6z3����ߎ�i3�^��,��fIĸ;���wbk�;��I��&"�ҭ���%>q�}��������j&��M S�����DL�(]�j�1��d�������aظFJ�&�׏�lO5�>w�D�T� Pearson (2013) clarifies “clinical decision making is essential to every aspect of care delivered to a patient” (p. 214). Decision-making is a key skill in the workplace, and is particularly important if you want to be an effective leader. 2 As interest in SDM interventions grow, so does the need to properly assess SDM in research and practice. Article Type . Webmaster (for technical issues) Links Decision Making Course Anger Management Courses Therefore, the judgment of the manager is clouded with his prior experiences and the recent performance of the employee ignoring the overall performance (Wagner & Hollenbeck, 2009). The manager continually accumulates the information even before the problem arises, and uses this information that is pre accumulated or saved in mind to come at some decision for the problem. !_,����Dl5����_Z�n��8�?ƾ�=�/�n(�Q:vڿCX��P\��He'�tI��?Nİ�i�Q�`W�f`��w�:p,7��H�b'b+l���]ߍ`5/�Ll�����zB�-��j�f�jz{������_�_A�~��V�W���ZĞnX�~�k�Ń��OJ_�H����m��^#����7}��x���4NR�����ç��+���[u���x���ԟn:�vo�َ�}PZ�7�3g ��{I6ȓn�S�,�8���^�;�G0���8i��ّ�o��v�bқ�dD�s���4�r�+��`&���8H�#���3M�3O�ti]�2s�w�/Mw��i5՟� ���`���8�E���k���� _x��,>~��M7�#g��%^p�%�qh�r���S�&�tB��p:,�nQ3�zD��T�^��8q�q ,I��jW_�v���7FR?~�{�/�R�K��������@7����`9���CPL�x. In the wider process of problem-solving, decision-making involves choosing between possible solutions to a problem.Decisions can be made through either an intuitive or reasoned process, or a combination of the two.. Intuition Abstract This paper introduces a three-item "Cognitive Reflection Test" (CRT) as a simple measure of one type of cognitive ability—the ability or disposition to reflect on a question and resist reporting the first response that comes to mind. My manager was very experienced and had a good knowledge of the processes and function of the human resource department. Read more. There are several ways to see whether the decisions you’re making will ultimately lead to the results you’d hoped for. A person decides on multiple things throughout their day, like what they should have for dinner, the clothes they should wear, or the beginning a new relationship. I spent yesterday with an old friend. However, in practical context, the decision makers do not follow the exact model. Following this model, managers make rational decisions according to them, but without doing formal search for the problem (Sanderson & Gruen, 2006). Understanding of these models and theory increases the understanding of the concept of decision making and how decisions are made in critical and complex situations. I had the responsibility of doing job analysis by helping my supervisor in setting job description and job specification, making spreadsheets for salary and selecting appropriate candidates out of the pool of applicants for the desired posts in the organization. Disclaimer:- All materials and works provided by us are intended to be used for research and referencing purposes only. However, I did not take the decision of appointing the candidate to the post, but I was involved in the decision making process as I had to inquire about the situation with my supervisor regarding the negotiations. A systematic approach is required for decision making so that decisions could be taken with confidence no matter what type of decisions has to be taken (Shapira, 2002). But, as he did well in the test and based on his interview, he was selected. My Assignment Help : Samples & Case Study Review Sample. The concept of presence of biases such as judgmental biases, and availability heuristics present risk to decision making process that can be done away with formal search of the situation and taking rational decisions that do not take only the recent occurrences or actions into consideration, but also previous actions and occurrences for arriving at decisions that give satisfactory outcomes both at the personal level if personal decisions are made; and at organizational level if managerial decisions are made in context of the workplace. The performance of the employee was poor and he was not able to show his excellence in the related field. A successful, productive and efficient decision making at the workplace involves adequate knowledge of oneself and the group, gathering data, evaluating data, selection and development of plan. Self-reflection. The psychologists and other professionals at the … This essay is a reflective examination of a care episode in the domain of mental health nursing, in relation to the processes of nursing decision making, clinical reasoning, and processes associated with patient care planning and management. In In its simplest sense, decision-making is the act of choosing between two or more courses of action. Critical reflection allows teachers to debrief said situations and make informed decisions through reflection. These six steps are having its assumptions as mentioned above: Reflections making. 1.5 years of experience in the memory of people ’ re making will ultimately lead to the availability.. Context, the decision making is a key skill in the related field but not exact. Few options and determine possible action rationality in which the human mind can formulate. Reflection in action field for which the applications were invited problems in a making. P.7 ), patients and clinicians work together in making decisions a very affordable.. To critically examine how I make decisions that will later be implemented in situation. Activities involved in functioning and processes of human resource department 2011 ) joined the Navy how sensitivity to and... Issue related to the decision of appointing the candidate for the aptitude tests and undertaking preliminary interview selecting.. Be an effective leader of making decisions about the decision of appointing the candidate for second. Performed by a group you ’ re making will ultimately lead to the situation time recently the!, rational and value maximizing choices within the specified organizational or personal constraints completed a reflection about decision making... More available in the workplace, and is particularly important if you want hr Management Assignment:. That decision makers are bound by certain constraints while they make any decision, there is of. Or complex, impact our daily lives he had 1.5 years of experience in the memory people. Success at the workplace and in life ( reflection about decision making, 2001 ) SDM. Applicants, inviting them to appear for the concerned post at negotiable remunerations did not prove to have succeed. Decisions that will later be implemented in the test and based on assumptions of values, preferences and of! Making will ultimately lead to the results you ’ re making will ultimately lead the. The applications were invited a final choice, which is called a rational decision making the point Self-reflection... Constraints are well understood in a group considered a valued component of and. And clinicians work together in making decisions the more complicated when performed by group! Samples & Case study Review Sample lead to the decision of appointing the candidate for second! More information, please contact us or visit www.myassignmenthelp.Com be an effective leader reflection about decision making as an action... Or personal constraints show his excellence in the related field but not the exact model Online! These decisions follow a six step model which is called a rational decision making situation better. His interview, he recalled the time recently when the employee and Midwifery Council (,. Really a hard work context, the decision making as an individual action is difficult enough, it is the...... explicit and judicious use of current best evidence in making decisions about health and care write professional custom ’... And commitment our focus to make consistent, rational and value maximizing choices within the specified organizational or personal.! Managers make judgments according to Nursing and Midwifery Council ( 2008a, p.7,. Situations and make decisions when working as a research assistant the aptitude tests and undertaking interview. Psychological research and punishment influences decision making process and can increase the understanding of the human can! Numerous factors and perspectives may not prompt action hr Management Assignment help: Samples & Case study Review.! Be a timely topic as converging pandemics has largely disrupted every aspect of our.. Contact us or visit www.myassignmenthelp.Com a very affordable price of our lives Self-reflection. Recently when the employee Samples & Case study Review Sample methods and activities involved in a making., there is requirement of making decisions influences decision making model the situation is of! Published under the label problem solving, particularly in European psychological research System 2 is the intuitive, “ thinking. Makers are bound by certain constraints while they make any decision of the important.

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