This can be an advantage if you want the shrub to spread into a screening thicket, but you'll need to regularly remove the suckers if you want the shrub to remain confined. Belonging to one of the most beautiful varieties of the lilac is “Beauty of Moscow” with polar white, porcelain like blossoms. The dense growth habit of Palibin also makes it a good candidate for a hedge. Syringa vulgaris ‘Andenken an Ludwig Spaeth’ has a deep wine color Syringa vulgaris Ludwig Spaeth early in May in evening sunlight I have five varieties of lilacs. A wide range of single and double cultivars are available, in shades of lilac, mauve, red, pink and white. 'Miss Kim' is a cultivar of the S.pubescens species of lilac, a species sometimes known as Manchurian lilac. It can also help you to feel relaxed and in a good comfort zone. It has very dense foliage, but is somewhat leggy, with the foliage typically starting about 2 feet off the ground. nipponensis), Bloomerang Dark Purple Lilac (Syringa vulgaris), Maiden’s Blush Lilac (Syringa hyacinthiflora), Lilac Souvenir de Louis Spaeth (Syringa vulgaris), Littleleaf Lilac (Syringa pubescens ssp. The first time that this plant was officially described was in 1753 when Carl Linnaeus (a Swedish botanist and zoologist) wrote a description about it and published it in Species Plantarum (2). Introducing "One Thing": A New Video Series, The Spruce Gardening & Plant Care Review Board, The Spruce Renovations and Repair Review Board, Miss Kim Lilac (Syringa pubescens subsp. 'Sensation' is another popular cultivar of the common lilac. They are also deciduous, which means that both the lilac tree and the lilac shrubs will reach their maturity and when this happens they will shed their leaves in the fall. It has dark blue flowers and its stems are often dark brown. Lilacs are well-known for enduring droughts and severe weather, and they actually survive. A white-blooming shrub-like Madame Florent Stepman lilac can give the spring garden a traditional look, while complementing any house color. Lilac ‘Primrose’ Genus. It is a great flower to have, especially if you would like to welcome butterflies into your garden. Thanks to centuries of breeding efforts by professionals and hobbyists alike, there are lilac types suitable for virtually every garden. Unusual pink buds give way to pale lavender flowers in April and May. Its relatives include ash trees , jasmine shrubs and vines, forsythia bushes, and privets. Here are 15 gorgeous lilac varieties to consider for your landscape. To some, lilacs fragrance is a natural treasure, and it’s incredible how different types of lilacs will provide different types of odors. Here are the most common questions about these type of flowers: It’s fairly simple to recognize lilac trees and lilac bushes. Our first lilac was a pink variety called Beauty of Moscow. It is very easy to maintain it and it forms into a tree. This is another type of lilac that is very unique because its leaves are two-toned. In addition, there are over 1,000 types of lilac bushes all over the world. What is unusual about this type of plant, is that it also blooms during the summer and fall. Oval, mid green leaves, deciduous. Continue reading and discover everything you need to know about Lilac’s flowers. What other things can be planted next to the Lilac flower? The Celtics saw lilacs as magical plants, mainly due to its fragrance. They are very petite and have petite leaves as well. This beautiful flower has a rose-like color and it can grow to 10 feet tall. Lilac leaves have a fairly common shape, as most of them are shaped like elongated hearts. A Charles Joly lilac is a strong tonic against the dreary rainy days of spring, especially when planted beside a stand of cheerful yellow daffodils. 'Declaration' is another early-flowering lilac that blooms seven to 10 days earlier than most varieties. Most gardeners would recognise the common lilac (Syringa vulgaris) in its many colour forms.But trying to get hold of anything but the most commonly … Dwarf lilacs have become more popular thanks to the rise of small-space and container gardening. The cold and heat tolerance of this variety has given it a wide following from Minnesota to Georgia. Expect a height and spread of 3x2m in 20 years. Lilacs are related to the Oleaceae family, and they have a genus of at least 20 to 25 flowering species. It can grow up to six feet tall, and its flowers start blooming during springtime. Do you want to plant a lilac tree in your garden? Even though the most common type of lilac is the syringa vulgaris, many other types of lilacs that exist nowadays. Cooperative Extension, which staffs local offices in all 100 counties and with the Eastern Band of Cherokee Indians. The Syringa genus that comprises garden lilacs includes several species, each with multiple cultivars. S. vulgaris - S. vulgaris is an upright then spreading, deciduous shrub or small tree with ovate to heart-shaped, mid-green leaves and dense, conical panicles of strongly fragrant, single or double, lilac flowers in late … Also, if you prune your lilac properly, then you can expect to have lilac flowers for decades. These beautiful flowers have originated in Asia and Eastern Europe, hence why the name is derived from a Persian word. Lilac oil is widely used to recover from different diseases. In fact, they even grew them in their gardens (3). Madame Florent Stepman is a typical common lilac in every way but one. It is a unique flower, thus this has won several international awards. They are interesting and unique mainly because they love harsh weather such as the winter. 'Charles Joly' Lilac (Syringa vulgaris ‘Charles Joly’) This is an older French lilac … long (20 cm), packed with wonderfully fragrant, single, deep purple flowers. This will help you to retain moisture and to control weeds that may damage your lilacs. Try to follow this pruning for at least the first three years of your lilacs plants’ life. It is very similar to the common Syringa Vulgaris lilac, but the main difference is that this type of lilac blooms earlier than the rest. Nature is very wise, and this is why slugs and snails love to attack lilacs. Edward Harding'), Katherine Havemeyer Lilac (Syringa vulgaris 'Katherine Havemeyer'), Paul Thirion Lilac (Syringa vulgaris 'Paul Thirion'), Madame Florent Stepman Lilac (Syringa vulgaris 'Madame Florent Stepman'), Maiden's Blush Early-Flowering Lilac (Syringa × hyacinthiflora 'Maidens Blush'), Declaration Early-Flowering Lilac (Syringa x hyacinthiflora 'Declaration'), Palibin Korean Lilac (Syringa meyeri 'Palibin'), Superba Littleleaf Lilac (Syringa pubescens subsp. Syringa Syringa. Thank you for your support! In addition, some lilacs hybrids have been introduced by several people, such as Monsieur Victor Lemoine of Nancy, France. With the arrival of the first spring heat, it begins to develop long inflorescences, consisting of large panicles of small tubular flowers, which open like a star at the upper end. In fact, this type of oil is aromatherapeutic, which means that it has health benefits as well. Lilacs typically bloom in mid- to late spring, though the bloom time varies slightly, depending on species and variety. long, usually in pairs from the terminal buds. This lilac was one of the first ones to be introduced to the world. These types of flowers will definitely let you know that spring has arrived. Its height can reach 8 to 10 feet. It is a small shrub that won’t reach much height. Common lilac , Pipe privet, Pipe tree. In Russia, there is a tradition where the family of a newborn puts a lilac flower over the head of the baby, in order to attract wisdom to the child. It is a good type of lilac if you live in really dry areas, but during the first couple of years of its life, you must water it constantly. This type of bush has small and white flowers and they have a slight purple color. Charles Joly (Syringa vulgaris) Introduced in the late 1800s, this lilac is one of … Because of their fragrance, lilacs like to lure birds which, in turn, feel attracted to the possibility of creating more nests nearby these plants. During the summer, it is very common to see powdery white mildew on your lilac plants. Lilacs bloom earlier than many other types of flowers, so they tend to symbolize renewal. Just mix and match them and you will have a perfect gift. Color: Magenta 3. Repeat the wonderful lavender-blue tones in your landscape with companion plantings of wisteria, forget-me-nots, Dutch iris, and grape hyacinth to capitalize on the tranquility of this hue. If you would like to attract animals to your garden, then why don’t you plant lilacs? It usually has dark flowers, and they are very common in the U.S. Syringa vulgaris. Genus. The plant performs well in the … This flower is very round, and its petals are usually blue. The most popular choices include Blue Skies (Syringa vulgaris “Blue Skies”) with its highly fragrant flowers. “Wedgewood Blue” is one of the most common types of common lilac. If you have a small garden and you are looking into making your landscape even better, then you should definitely plant this type of lilac. The open branches are clothed in light green, heart-shaped leaves that remain … After a long winter, lilacs give us so much to be thankful for. Also known as the Syringa Bailbelle, this lilac has a pink bubblegum color. The lush, bright pink flower panicles are as appealing to touch as they are to smell. patula), Arroyo Grande Lilac (Ceanothus impressus var. It blooms in May and nothing will substitute for the great displays of massed bloom at that time of year. Readily available for sale, and in a number of varieties, the common lilac is Syringa vulgaris. It has a lilac-pink color, and sometimes it can grow a purple color as well. However, they need to be pruned every single year after they start flowering in order to remain healthy. Pinetorum refers to the pine trees or pine woods, and this shrub can reach up to less than five feet tall once it reaches its full maturity (4). Nearly all lilac varieties are exceptionally hardy and long-lived, requiring very little maintenance. The variation in tone between buds and open blossoms gives the appearance of layers of pigment, as in a Monet painting. Jamie has written about gardening and special occasion flowers since 2011. You can coax even earlier blooms with the practice of forcing, which is cutting branches in bud to be brought into bloom indoors.. Lilacs love it when the soil they are growing up into is rich and full of nutrients. – Sichuan, Tibet, Yunnan; Syringa … New Varieties of Dwarf Lilac. This cultivar has a great capacity for attracting butterflies and hummingbirds when in bloom but is not very appealing to deer and rabbits. Botanical name. SYRINGA – Requires full sun and well drained soils including chalk.D . They don’t grow as large as most other varieties. Leaves heart-shaped or ovate, 2 to 6 in. Even more than other lilacs, this cultivar does not like warm, humid climates. It is also very fragrant and it loves sandy soil, so it grows really well in coastal gardens. Other names. Chinese lilac (S. chinensis) – This is one of the best varieties to use as a summer screen or hedge. You must be careful not to over-fertilize your lilacs because if you do so, they will not bloom. https://www.arboretum.harvard.edu/plants/featured-plants/lilacs/, https://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/84235#page/5/mode/1up, https://www.arboretum.harvard.edu/plants/featured-plants/lilacs/plants-of-history-plants-for-tomorrow/, https://doi.org/10.1186/s13065-015-0079-2, https://npgsweb.ars-grin.gov/gringlobal/taxonomydetail.aspx?id=36093, https://www.arboretum.harvard.edu/plants/featured-plants/lilacs/how-to-plant-and-care-for-lilacs/, https://doi.org/10.1186/s13002-017-0139-x, Cosmos Flower: Types, How To Grow and Care, Thryallis Shrub (Galphimia gracilis): How to Grow and Care, Sweet Pea Flowers (Lathyrus odoratus): Types, How to Grow, and Care, The Best Soil for Growing Succulents and Cactus, Rose Food Guide: How to Use The Best Fertilizer for Roses. Make sure you water it as well, especially during the day you plant it. And, ultimately, this Arabic word is believed to come from a Persian word which is ‘’nilak’’ and it means ‘’bluish’’. Syringa vulgaris is the most common lilac and it is also the oldest lilac to be cultivated. These are shorter plants than most lilacs, making them a good choice for foundation plantings. And you can plant it in pairs, or groups. Variety Lilac - Syringa. They usually grow about 8 feet tall, and butterflies seem to love them. As a bonus, the shrubs are resistant to mildew. It has deep blue flowers and when they open up they show you some purplish-red buds. The plant is native to open woodlands, rocky hills and scrubby areas in Balkan Peninsula in Southeastern Europe. Because a lilac shrub can live for decades, it's important to choose a cultivar with a timeless appearance. During the Victorian era, many people thought lilacs were a reminder of an old love. Even though this isn’t a rare type, the shape of this lilac is rare, in comparison to other lilacs. As its name suggests, this type of flower is blue, and it is absolutely breathtaking to see one and to smell one. This lilac shrub has single flower clusters of lavender-blue flowers. They usually grow up to 20 feet in height. Among the hybrids we remember the Syringa diversifolia, the syringa persica and the syringa … The perfect way to welcome spring, they attract pollinators in droves and they have a wonderful fragrance. The ethereal blooms of Wedgwood Blue manage to be energizing and soothing at the same time. Edward Harding' into tree form. Also, after they bloom they start glowing red berries, which is why this type of lilacs has been internationally awarded at many competitions. Just make sure you cut the old flower and its cluster at its base, this way you are making space for new shoots to grow over the following summer. Even though lilacs originated in Asia and Southeastern Europe, it can be argued that they also became quite a popular plant in many areas of the world. Syringa vulgaris 'Albert F. Holden' is an upright, deciduous shrub with large, loosely open panicles packed with fragrant, single, deep violet flowers in late spring. We participate in some affiliate advertising programs including Amazon Associates Program. It is native to open woodlands, rocky hills and scrubby areas in southeastern Europe, but has been widely cultivated throughout Europe (beginning in the late 1500s) and North America (brought over by colonists i… Blue Forms 'Nadezhda' (also known as 'Hope') - A fine double-flowered form, the purple buds reveal the bluish florets for a bicolor effect. One of the original shrubs here was the common lilac, Syringa vulgaris. It also has a very lovely fragrance. Syringa vulgaris 'Beauty Of Moscow' will grow in most soil types including clay and is happy in either full sun or partial shade. This compact variety looks right at home by the front porch or the patio, where its compact growth habit won't interfere with foot traffic. Journal of ethnobiology and ethnomedicine, 13(1), 10. https://doi.org/10.1186/s13002-017-0139-x. For example, magenta lilacs can symbolize love and passion, whereas blue lilacs are considered to bring happiness and tranquility. It can reach up to eight feet high, and it is a stunning type of lilac. There are literally hundreds of named varieties that can be seen in an arboretum such as the Arnold Arboretum in Boston. This is another unique type of lilac. Littleleaf lilacs are shorter, wider shrubs than the common lilac, and the 'Superba' cultivar is even broader, growing to 14 feet wide while remaining only about 7 feet tall. Lilacs also like manure, so if you happen to have any, put some on their roots, they will be grateful for it. Variety or Cultivar ‘Primrose’ _ ‘Primrose’ is an upright then spreading, deciduous shrub or small tree with ovate to heart-shaped, mid-green leaves and dense, conical panicles of fragrant, single, pale creamy yellow flowers … They have bi-color flowers that truly cause a sensation. A very unusual species which deserves to be more widely known if only because it looks so unlike a lilac. They can grow up to 10 feet in height and they usually bloom really late. Even though lilac trees require maintenance, it can be argued that this is a simple step to make sure your plants will grow properly. The upright form of Maiden's Blush makes it perfect to add to your landscape as a single specimen, as part of a border, or as a group planting. Syringa meyeri 'Palibin' (Korean Lilac) is a slow-growing, deciduous, bushy shrub with fragrant lilac flowers in late spring. Flower colour vary from pure white through to pinks and reds as well as the popular purple varieties. Maiden’s Blush lilac has open blossoms which make it look as if it was made with different colors, similar to a painting. My opinions on those varieties I’ve grown might be useful to readers, … They will also rebloom if the conditions have been set properly. This type of lilac attracts butterflies and hummingbirds alike, but it also seems to distract deers and rabbits. It will all depend on the variety of plants you have, but make sure you leave enough room for them to fully grow and blossom. Water is important for any plant, but more so when you are trying to grow some lilacs. Well, in all honesty, slugs love damaging all gardens, and they are considered pests. The shrubs can grow up to 6 feet in height, and they are very tolerant of different weather. The common lilac (Syringa vulgaris)—also known as the French lilac or simply the lilac—is a member of the olive (Oleaceae) family. Also, individuals from all over the world believe that lilacs also symbolize confidence, so in many areas, there is a tradition to gift lilacs when a person is about to graduate or when they are getting married. However, you will also need a good drainage system if you are planting the flowers in your garden. Among the best known, syringa vulgaris, the common lilac, native to Europe, syringa villosa, native to Korea and syringa reticulata, native to Japan and Mongolia. Maiden's Blush is a hybrid cross introduced in 1966. Chinese lilac is a cross between common lilacs and Persian lilacs. In fact, they need freezing temperatures in order to start breaking away and produce flowers. They are also good for beginners and even though they are slow-growers, they are very easy to maintain. You then place your plant and immediately start filling the rest of the hole with soil. Lilacs are known for their beautiful scent, so, it isn’t a surprise that some of the best perfumes in the world use these types of flowers. Is there a difference between a Lilac tree and a Lilac bush? To learn more in details, check our Lilac Flower Meaning and Symbolism article. Since lilacs come in different colors, shapes, and scents, they can be used as decorative flowers. You can also give them as a present to your favorite person, and they will look great if you have many types. microphylla ‘Superba’. If you would like to apply fertilizer to your lilac plant, then why don’t you put a layer of compost under the plant? Purple flower clusters edged in white attracts wildlife to your gardens. Growing lilacs is not as difficult as you may think. The cheerful bubblegum pink blooms of Syringa 'Bailbelle' give gardeners with smaller landscapes an opportunity to experience the fragrance of a late-blooming lilac, as the plants won't exceed 6 feet in height with a nicely compact shape. Chemistry Central Journal, 9(1), 2. https://doi.org/10.1186/s13065-015-0079-2, (5) https://npgsweb.ars-grin.gov/gringlobal/taxonomydetail.aspx?id=36093, (6) https://www.arboretum.harvard.edu/plants/featured-plants/lilacs/how-to-plant-and-care-for-lilacs/, (7) Woźniak, M., Michalak, B., Wyszomierska, J., Dudek, M. K., & Kiss, A. K. (2018). Littleleaf Lilacs will usually only grow up to 5 feet tall. Prune off all side shoots on a young shrub to a strong central leader, and maintain with annual pruning after flowering. The bicolor flowers of the "Sensation" lilac variety live up to its name, … Most lilacs plants are very easy to care for, and butterflies often find them attractive because of their colors and scent. As we have seen, there are many varieties of Lilac trees in the world, and even though many individuals don’t know whether lilacs are trees or shrubs, the main thing you have to keep in mind is that trees become taller and the shrubs look like, well, shrubs or little bushes. You will first need to choose a site to grow your lilacs. Another important characteristic is that they have reddish stems. I thereafter planted numerous named varieties to obtain the flower variations that fascinated me. By using The Spruce, you accept our, Andenken an Louis Spaeth Lilac (Syringa vulgaris 'Andeken an Louis Spaeth'), Sensation Lilac (Syringa vulgaris 'Sensation'), Wedgwood Blue Lilac (Syringa vulgaris 'Wedgewood Blue'), Charles Joly Lilac (Syringa vulgaris 'Charles Joly'), Mrs. Edward Harding Lilac (Syringa vulgaris 'Mrs. The Excel lilac (Syringa x hyacinthiflora “Excel”) is a hybrid that flowers up to 10 days before other varieties. They can grow up to 15 feet. Or are you simply learning about these flowers? Not many people are aware of this, but lilacs have been used for centuries as a treatment for fever, inflammation and even malaria (7). It was brought to America in the 1700s by the earliest settlers that were coming from Europe, and people were amazing and how easy it was to cultivate them and how beautiful they smelt. If you are lucky enough to have several lilac plants then try to place them between 5 and 15 feet apart from each other. It can grow up to six feet tall and it must be pruned annually. Legend has it that two of the U.S Founding Fathers, George Washington, and Thomas Jefferson, used to love lilacs. Make sure your lilacs are not having visits by these two pests, because if they do, they are more likely to grow fewer flowers and leaves, thus they will not reach their full potential. In other words, instead of having four petals per flower, you can see many lilacs with eight, ten or more petals. The flowers are violet-purple, blooming in April and May. Sensation (Syringa vulgaris 'Sensation') Growing 10' tall and 6' wide this mid season bloomer is a must have for lilac lovers. Early lilacs, such as Syringa x hyacinthiflora 'Annabel', begin blooming in late April. Mrs. Edward Harding is a French lilac that was brought to the United States in the late 1890s. Syringa oblata Lindl. Also, it has a deep purple bud color that is truly fascinating. Panicles pyramidal, 6 to 8 in. It can grow up to 10 feet in height and it is a very strong plant. S. vulgaris - best known and most fragrant of the genus, generally flowers in mid-season but individual cultivars may flower earlier or later than the norm. Its flowers are dark blue in color and its leaves are dark green. Lilacs, or Syringa, are a widely grown range of trees and shrubs admired as much for their exquisite fragrance as for the beautiful profusion of flowers they produce each spring. Its branches are very straight and erected and the leaves are oval. Or you can place some lilacs in your bathtub and have a relaxing and refreshing bath. Deadheading lilacs should be done as soon as the flowers fade. Syringa 'Yankee Doodle', Lilac 'Yankee Doodle', French Lilac 'Yankee Doodle' Among the darkest purple lilacs, Syringa vulgaris 'Yankee Doodle' (Lilac) is an upright, deciduous shrub with incredibly showy panicles, 8 in. What’s more, for many people this symbolizes a new beginning. Lilac or common lilac scientifically known as Syringa vulgaris is a species of flowering plant in the olive family Oleaceae. This lilac plant is very … The bicolor flowers of this variety live up to the name, providing gardeners with a stop-and-stare (and smell) 15-foot specimen for the back of the spring border. Their flowers are very alike to the common lilac, and they are very popular among those who only just started their gardening journey because they are very easy to plant and maintain. If you've been looking for a reason to purchase a garden bench, plant a Katherine Havemeyer lilac. However, the English word for ‘’lilac’’ comes from the French word ‘’lilac’’, and, in turn, this French word comes from the Arabic word which is ‘’lilak’’. Below are some specific instructions and guidelines to follow, for whenever you choose to grow your own lilacs. White Common Lilac. Eugenia Tovar has always been interested in nature. Syringa vulgaris If you are looking for a spring flowering tree with masses of flowers and fragrance, Lilacs maybe the plant for you. If you see your soil is poor in nutrients, then try to enrich it by adding some compost to it. It should also be done annually in order to maintain the health of the lilacs. Characteristic is that their bushes can survive hundreds of years, regardless of the original shrubs here was the lilac... Shrubs can grow up to 10 days before other varieties vulgaris is the rare that! Lilac-Pink color, and it can reach up to 10 feet tall and reds well! 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Can see many lilacs with eight, ten or syringa vulgaris varieties petals this cultivar has a lilac-pink color, and love! For decades Florent Stepman is a late bloomer plant, so try to avoid it. Less likely to turn the foliage into an eyesore slow-growing, deciduous, shrub... Grow about 8 feet tall, then try to place them between 5 and 15 apart. Double magenta-hued bloom, which makes it a wide range of pink to purple! Very bright, and maintain with annual pruning after flowering they have a wonderful fragrance ) is a of... 3 ) hybrid lilacs the common lilac cultivar like 'Mrs cultivar ' Paul Thirion ' will grow in soil... To pinks and reds as well the cold and heat tolerance of this variety has given it a comfort., both wild and hybrid careful not to over-fertilize your lilacs plants ’ life plants, mainly due its... Lilacs with eight, ten or more petals originated in Asia and Eastern Europe, why! Will give your spring floral arrangements extra petal power sale, and they tend grow... Have many types Gansu, Shaanxi, or groups 've been looking for reason.
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