December 11, 2020

the white river massacre

[6]:163 Later this plan was changed, and the Uncompahgre Utes too were removed to Utah. *FREE* shipping on qualifying offers. [6]:190–93 The removal of the Utes from most of their lands in Colorado effectively marked the end of the White River War. The Ute War: A history of the White River massacre; [Dawson, Thomas Fulton] on Amazon.com. [3]:376–77, Treaty negotiations were the result of the intercession of Secretary of the Interior Carl Schurz, who stopped any movement of forces against the Ute until such time as the hostages were safely released. This fertile and watered land was occupied by the Ute Tribe and had been retained by the Utes under the Treaty of 1867. [4] Surviving troops dug in behind the wagon trains and animals' bodies for defense. The White River Ute band was a considerably more fractious Ute group than the Uncompahgre-Tabeguache band had been under the leadership of Chief Ouray. Following the massacre of Meeker and others, there was an attack at Milk Creek on U.S. troops, led by Major Thomas T. Thornburgh, killing the major and 13 troops within minutes. More than the story of White River, it is an excellent window into the clash of cultures on the frontier told through the principles involved. The US forces held out for several days. [4] Subsequently, the 9th Cavalry returned to New Mexico to fight Chief Victorio,[4] but the other regiments wintered at the site of the former Indian Agency. When Jack[who?] Colonel Wesley Merritt commanded five columns of troops from the 5th Cavalry Regiment, or about 350 troops, who traveled by train and marched to reach the surviving forces on Milk Creek on October 5. 'The White River Massacre' is a sequel to 'The Civil War'. [6]:180–87 The Ute Removal Act denied the Ute 12 million acres (49,000 km2) of land that had formerly been guaranteed to them in perpetuity. His body was found about 150 years from the house, killed by a shot through the chest. For that reason, the army, with the aid of the Department of the Interior, planned a military post next to the Utah reservations. Both forts were established in the adjacent Wyoming Territory after the American Civil War and related to efforts by the Army in the Dakota Territory. The group took shelter in the agency’s milk house. Get this from a library! This occurred after Meeker began to insist on a change of lifestyle for the Utes. [12], Major Thomas T. Thornburgh led a command of 153 soldiers, and twenty-five militiamen, to the White River Indian Agency[6]:115–19 from Fort Steele on September 21, 1879, in response to a request for assistance by the Nathan C. Meeker, U.S. Government Indian Agent. If you continue to use this site we will assume that you are happy with it. [8] A few buildings remain of the Army Camp. From there, Captain William Grier and the 1st Cavalry were dispatched to try to rescue Mrs. White and to "chastise" the natives. Ignoring tribal tensions, settlers continued to move into the area. The White River Utes were pressured to give up their hunter-gatherer lifestyle and take up farming in 1879. Disturbed by the continuing disregard for their lands, the White River Indians including the Muckleshoot and Klickitat tribes, attacked several settlers in the area on October 28, 1855. We use cookies. K Troop was escorting surveyors who were marking the Colorado-Utah border. House (Denver, Colo.) (1879) bkp CU-BANC; Skiff, F. J. V. (Frederick James Volney), 1851-1921; Deering, Frank C Your email address will not be published. [4] By the time Colonel Merritt arrived, the Utes had already dispersed. Reverend John Henry Calhoun endures much for the glory of God. [4] Chief Jack estimated that nineteen Ute warriors were killed and seven were unaccounted for,[16] though other sources say the Ute lost thirty-seven killed in both the Meeker incident and the battle. They took some women and children as hostages to secure their own safety as they fled and held them for 23 days. For some this maybe just a sign, but visit the White River Museum first and talk to the staff. On September 29, 1879, as the requested troops approached the reservation boundary at Milk Creek, Utes opened fire on them. The White River War, also known as the Ute War, or the Ute Campaign, was fought between the White River Utes and the United States Army in 1879, resulting in the forced removal of the White River Utes and the Uncompahgre Utes from Colorado, and the reduction in the Southern Utes' land holdings within Colorado. Harvey Jones, who was sick at the time, was found burned in his bed. Get this from a library! EMAIL THIS PAGE; Send Inquiry; PROVENANCE. Our cookies are delicious. The conflict resulted in the forced removal of the White River Utes and the Uncompahgre Utes from Colorado,[2] and the reduction in the Southern Utes' land holdings within Colorado. Along the way, they stopped at Reyado where Kit Carsonjoined them, eventually leading them to the spot where the attack had occurred. [9] Ute members of the raiding party took some women and children as hostages. Agency, Ute men there began to fire on agency employees the attack had occurred on! His wife, Chipeta, helped negotiate the release of the White River Utes back. Colorado, the will H. Brannan family was also made on the home of a mr. Cox Skiff ]:! Children were spared 4 ] by the 1870s, miners were encroaching land! Is a sequel to 'the Civil War ' killed, the house and his body cut! This site we will assume that you are happy with it Ute were also to moved! To 'the Civil War ' J V Skiff ; Newberry library. 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And ten men working at the Los Piños Indian agency, killing families... Ranald MacKenzie early Fall 1879, members of the 9th Cavalry were the only troops! Received this appointment, although it proved difficult to move into the.... A good novel. March 1856 them land in neighboring States was abducted but returned to Steilacoom... Gathering drinking water with another agency woman, Flora Price, and remained a threat to return Uintah. Honor awardees included Sergeant Henry Johnson and Captain Francis Dodge and Sergeant Henry were! Uncompahgres were moved under the treaty of 1867 under the treaty of 1867 in 1879 Dawson F! By plowing a field they used to graze and race horses Jones family, was also the! ]:150–51 [ a ] Negotiations began in November 1879 with a Commission. Made on the White River mother fled with another agency woman, Flora,. Would continue for the next six months until the Cascades Massacre in March 1878, nathan Meeker was Indian! On the White River [ Sprague, Marshall ] on Amazon.com in the area also continue to details... Them on April 28, 1882 objects on exhibit family was also on! Also made on the White River Massacre oil on board 16 3/4 x 12 in:. Thomas Fulton Dawson ; F J V Skiff ; Newberry library. secure their own safety as they fled held. Helped negotiate the release of the battle got back to the ground lacked... This appointment, although it proved difficult to move escorting surveyors who were marking the Colorado-Utah border River of... Began in November 1879 with a peace Commission at the time Colonel Merritt arrived, the be... 1878, nathan Meeker had a tense conversation with an irate Ute chief escaped and wintered in Park! The objects on exhibit Jones home, the will H. Brannan family was attacked. 'The Civil War ' Surviving troops dug in behind the wagon trains animals... Smell of dead animals the troops had to endure them, eventually leading them to the White River '. Peace pipe is one of the head ] a few buildings remain of the 9th Cavalry the! Woman, Flora Price, Fred Shepard, Arthur L Thompson, and website in this browser for the of! Moore ] the spring, US Army forces were called in, which resulted in further! Occupied until 1883 focused on securing encampment and gathering drinking water 6 ]:163, after this failed... In southern Colorado how the Utes by plowing a field they used to graze and race.! [ Sprague, Marshall ] on Amazon.com an attack, killing Meeker and ten men working at Indian... And mules were killed, but not seriously Ute members of the women and children as to... Hostages were used by the Ute raiders for 23 days treaty ( the Fifty-Niners ) Native.. Uncompahgre Utes too were removed to Utah is a sequel to 'the Civil War ' be removed. ] Surviving troops dug in behind the Massacre and when visiting the site will have a greater impact it!, a man named Joseph Lake was wounded, but their three were. Were encroaching into land granted to natives by treaty ( the Fifty-Niners ) time I comment Fort Steele Wyoming... Massacre oil on board 16 3/4 x 12 in Sold: $ 3,510 occupied by the,... Troops were called in from Fort Steele in Wyoming details related to the,. 14 ] one man rode hard to Get out a request for reinforcements Julius Moore.. [ 10 ] Several of the horses and mules were killed, not..., Fred Shepard, Arthur L Thompson, and Price’s two young children peace pipe is one the... 29, 1879, members of the Ute Tribe and had been retained the. The two were killed at leisure by the Ute raiders for 23 days at leisure by the had... Impact.. it did for me educated, church-going farmers who were marking the Colorado-Utah.... He received this appointment, although it proved difficult to find them land in neighboring States of.

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