Nephrite, Bowenite (a form of Serpentine) and Serpentine are minerals formed by metamorphism. While generically known as greenstone, pounamu refers to the particular types of hard nephrite, jade, bowentine or serpertine found in southern New Zealand. There are many different types of pounamu found throughout New Zealand. All Products These rocks are also generically known as "greenstone" in New Zealand English.There are two systems for classifying pounamu. Different types of Pounamu from New Zealand. Whiles it’s not a high-grade stone and is softer compared to other varieties of pounamu it is much sought after due to its uniqueness. Tangiwai can come in shades of bluish green to quite olive tones. The Maori classify Greenstone according to its shade of green. Pounamu plays a very important role in Māori culture. There is quite a variety of pounamu types. This is a type of pounamu that is highly translucent and flawless. Is actually a form of Bowenite not Nephrite Jade but is still embraced as a form of Pounamu. Pounamu is found in the West Coast and upper regions of the South Island of New Zealand and we are lucky to have such a wide variety of colour in such a small area of land. Meanings. It shares its name with the New Zealand native Kawakawa plant, which is known for its medicinal and culinary properties. Has striking yellow and orange tones that blend throughout the greens. It comes in a variety of colours from pearl white, grey to an almost blue shade of green. In this video, Dr. Daniel Hikuroa tells a story - how the Maori of New Zealand shared geological knowledge. Named after a … Listed are some of the most common examples and names we use to describe these: Is our most common variety and comes in shades of rich lush greens to deep dark green hues. Kōkopu is most recognizable by its distinctive brown spots which are very similar to the native fresh water mountain trout from which it gets its name. Home With the strong spiritual … Much of our pieces are carved on site. Symbolising the bond between two people, connecting the lives of friends, family or loved ones. It has distinct patterns that resemble the fish it is named after. Pikorua (single twist) The Maori single twist symbol consists of a closed loop with three knots. Briefly describe your newsletter and write a quick sentence about your commitment to not spamming your subscribers. Authentic New Zealand Pounamu tells stories of pride and understanding, strength, empathy and leadership. Its colours can be olive, browny, yellowish to bluish green depending on the area. It is found in the beautiful Fiord lands of the South Island and has amazing translucency almost glassy like appearance. Pounamu is the Maori word for NZ Jade (Nephrite) but Tangiwai (Bowenite – a translucent Serpentine) and some other Serpentine’s are also included under Pounamu. They are highly valued in New Zealand, and carvings made from pounamu play an important role in Māori culture. Read the legend of Poutini and Waitaiki. kawakawa is darker in colour with rich spots or lines—and named after the native pepper tree whose leaves’ markings it resembles. It is predominantly found on the west coast of the South Island. Kakotea is a streaky dark-green pounamu with black spots. The Story of Pounamu The Sacred Stone of Aotearoa Long ago, when there were different stars in the heavens, the ancestors sailed the oceans seeking the stone of the Gods. This variety of stone is not nephrite jade but is a bowenite stone, however it is recognized by Māori as part of the pounamu family. –Pīpīwharauroa. Nephrite is the only type found in New Zealand. Its colours are a rich vibrant apple green. From the pearly-white colours to the darkest green that can sometimes almost appear as black, the beauty of pounamu is wide and diverse. 6) Kokopu is known as 'Mountain Trout stone because it resembles the skin of a fish. Home / Types of Pounamu. The following is adapted from a version given by Tipene O’Regan of the Ngāi Tahu tribe. Large deposits of totoweka occur in the South Westland area. Pounamu or greenstone are terms for several types of hard and durable stone found in southern New Zealand. Pounamu refers to several types of hard, durable and highly valued nephrite jade, bowenite, or serpentinite stone found in southern New Zealand.Pounamu is the Māori name. There are two types of Jade found on earth, jadeite and nephrite. Types of Pounamu the translucent kahurangi is among the most treasured due to its scarcity, and fittingly translates as ‘treasured sky’. Somewhere to buy that special taonga (sacred treasure) with confidence that the stone is sourced here in New Zealand. Pounamu is also a term used to describe some other stone types that are highly prized by Māori and stone carvers - TANGIWAI and SERPENTINITE. The word ‘Pounamu’ is the term used by Māori for nephrite jade. The flesh of this pounamu is usually olive to light green in colour. The creation of pounamu. –Kawakawa. Greenstone / Pounamu / Jade are often the same thing from different angles. TANGIWAI is an absolutely gorgeous stone, rare and highly valued for making jewellery. This stone variety is a rare form of kawakawa pounamu. There are 5 main types of Pounamu: Kawakawa, Kahurangi, Inanga, Kokopu, Tangiwai. We wanted to create a unique space that was both inviting and relaxed for our customers to enjoy. It is considered a taonga (treasure). –Raukaraka. No two pieces are the same, no stone not treated with the utmost respect by those who source and carve it. Koru (Spiral). Pounamu is a Māori term that refers to 3 different stone types, Nephrite, Bowenite and Serpentine, found on Te Wai Pounamu. Some types of Kawa Kawa, found in the districts from Waimea to Kumara, exhibit beautiful effects of brownish to orange colourations, and are often referred to as Waimea Stone. Raukaraka. Kawakawa is the most common pounamu variety and is a very popular stone for carving because of its abundance and ability to hold most shapes. In modern day lapidary use it is popular for its gem like qualities. There are many different types of pounamu found throughout New Zealand. Each unique shape has a spiritual meaning. Types of pounamu. This is the rock name to remember when you find a hard, nondescript rock that looks like it … Māori made pounamu into earrings, necklaces and rings. Pounamu jewellery is typically carved into traditional Māori symbols. Learn about how New Zealand Pounamu is formed and its chemical properties. Kawakawa is dark-green pounamu with varying shades, and is named after the pepper tree. He feared another taniwha named Whaitipū, the guardian of Hinehōaka, who was the goddess of sandstone. –Inanga. Maori term of Pounamu does in fact include other forms of green stones here such as Bowenite and Serpentine, but most commonly refers to Nephrite Jade. Shipping. Kawakawa pounamu is one of the darkest and richest shades of green, and gets its name from reflecting the colours of the kawakawa tree. It is not usually translucent and occasionally has black flecks through the stone. Is named after one of juvenile native fish we call Whitebait. –Totoweka. No two Pounamu/greenstone has a diverse range of colours. The eight-shaped single twist symbolizes the strength of the bond between two people, their loyalty and friendship. It is a softer stone and when worn it absorbs the natural oils of the body deeply and can turn a lovely light brown. –Tangiwai. Types of Pounamu. Meanings & Designs Toki (Adze). There is quite a variety of pounamu types. Pearly white, greyish green, and blue can be translucent or very opaque. Pounamu is a strong stone known for its beauty. Maori term of Pounamu does in fact include other forms of green stones here such as Bowenite and … This is shaped like a figure sitting cross-legged, with its head on one side. It is rare to find totoweka in the Westland jade fields, but when a piece is discovered it is highly cherished and sometimes becomes the show piece of the fossicker’s collection. The largest deposits are in Milford Sound, Anita and Poison Bays being the most famous. Aug 4, 2018 - There is quite a variety of pounamu types. The early lapidarist would cut the thick crust off and only use the heart to fashion jewelry but carvers these days tend to carve it right to edge as the colour contrast can make a unique showpiece. It is the most popular and valuable sought after pounamu by modern day carvers. Renowned for its beauty and strength, the rare stone is highly valued by both Māori and greater New Zealand. Pounamu or Greenstone are used interchangeably here in New Zealand when referring to Nephrite Jade. New Zealand Kahurangi Jade Pounamu is a wonderful gift from the heart, and we are sure you will find that special something here. In early times it was the most highly prized of all pounamu. View demo The care behind each carving Renowned for its beauty and strength, the rare pounamu stone is highly valued by both Māori and greater New Zealand. Clockwise from top left: kawakawa (nephrite); a darker variety of nephrite from Westland; īnanga (nephrite) from Westland; tangiwai (bowenite). Twist (Pikorua). Pounamu Types Inanga.. Pearly white, greyish green, and blue can be translucent or very opaque. Pikorua, as the Maori name this symbol, refers to eternal emerging paths in life. There are many different types of Pounamu found in New Zealand, each with their own colour characteristics. Bands of Pounamu formations, which tend to run in a North Easterly direction, consist mainly of Serpentine, Dunite and similar Olivine rock, Serpentine talc formations and actinolite. Another variety named after one of native fish. Formation of Pounamu. Creating Pounamu Art. This type of stone is a highly prized type of pounamu by Poutini Ngāi Tahu. The name has stuck ever since. The name comes from toto (blood), weka (Native bush hen) or weka blood. Below is a description of the most common pounamu types found in New Zealand. It gets its name from the kawakawa leaf or Pepper tree. The following chart shows samples of the different types of pounamu. The strong spiritual connection Tangata Whenua (Indigenous New Zealand Maori ) have with Pounamu is revealed in the personification of the various stone types. Arahura river, they found a stone born of the stars, and held it close to heal the people and the land. Totoweka is an especially rare type of pounamu, usually streaked with white or spotted red. Pounamu or Greenstone are used interchangeably here in New Zealand when referring to Nephrite Jade. They often represent aspects of the natural world, or show a connection with ancestors. When they came to the shores of Aotearoa, to the . It is predominantly found on the west coast of the South Island. Each Pounamu type was given an identity by Maori that relate to the world around them. NEW ZEALAND OWNED AND OPERATED - Free shipping to New Zealand & Australia - AFTERPAY & LAYBUY AVALIABLE ONLINE - 10% OFF XMAS PROMO. Kawakawa Pounamu is the strongest and darkest form of pounamu. Kia Ora, welcome to the “Greenstone Shop”. It can often have small black flecks thru the stone. Māori and local artisans have been drawn to its power over the centuries and it is widely used in making jewellery and sculptures nowadays. This variety is one of the most beautiful with its deep green and blooms of yellow to orangey browns. We have a retail store based in Ferrymead, Christchurch New Zealand. The qualities of this stone are that it is translucent and sometimes almost completely transparent like glass. The names they gave the various types of Greenstone are … Send us an email and we'll get back to you as soon as possible. It was used to make Toki Poutangata (Ceremonial adze) which were usually given to Rangatira (Chief). A rich green to intense dark green almost black with small dark inclusions. It is found mainly in the Wainihinihi Creek and Arahura River. Argillite. It gets its name from the juvenile native minnow or more commonly known as whitebait. Papa Pounamu sets a work programme for the Public Service, in consultation with the public service Chief Executives, so we can consistently grow our diversity and inclusion capability. It is named after the leaf of the karaka tree because of the orange colour that the thick oxidized crust takes on from the earth’s minerals. The addition of other combinations, with a mixture of minerals, accounts for why these formations are often referred to as a mineral belt. It is found only on the south island. It was called pounamu by the Maori people. Tahutahi is one of the rarest types of pounamu with its white flecks being names after snowflakes. This type of stone is a highly prized... Kahurangi.. Tangiwai is translucent green stone we have in New Zealand and is very similar to Jade though more fragile. While generically known as ‘greenstone’ Pounamu refers to the particular types of hard nephrite jade, bowentine or serpertine found in southern New Zealand. A rarer form of Kawakawa named after the Karaka tree with its yellow orange fruit. –Kōkopu. Each type has their own unique look and features. Types of Pounamu There are many different types of pounamu, or greenstone around, each one having its own distinct characteristics. Mostly found in the Marsden area of the West Coast. It is recognized as pounamu – but … Flower can be made in to anything the artist is capable of creating its distinctive patches of gold colouring are unique to New Zealand pounamu. The word greenstone is also commonly used in NZ, however the people of Poutini Ngāi Tahu prefer to call it pounamu as jade comes in many different colour variations not just green. Comes in many colour variations from light to dark browns, creamy whites, light blues, olive greens to yellow even golden. Clockwise from top left: kawakawa (nephrite); a darker variety of nephrite from Westland; īnanga (nephrite) from Westland; tangiwai (bowenite). Pounamu is found in the West Coast and upper regions of the South Island of New Zealand and we are lucky to have such a wide variety of colour in such a small area of land. This is a type of pounamu that is highly translucent and flawless. It comes in a variety a pale almost milky colours of green, blue to even quite yellow brown tones. Translated tangi means to (cry or tears) and (wai) is water the full name kōkō-tangiwai refers to a deep sorrow that is never completely healed. –Flower Jade. It is named after a plant with many healing properties. Just like in the old days, jade was valued for its hardness, toughness and ability to hold a sharp edge. Pounamu 3 Meta modelling • What’s a meta model? Prized for its clarity and depth of crisp apple green colour. Greenstone Repair & Lashing Service Kahurangi is named after the clearness of the sky. Click below to learn more. This stone is usually similar to the mid green kawakawa variety but differs in that the spotting or streaks are red like blood. Is another common variety named after the area to which it is found. –Kahurangi. They called it Pounamu. Clockwise from top left: kawakawa (nephrite); a darker variety of nephrite from Westland; īnanga (nephrite) from Westland; tangiwai (bowenite). The 2020-2021 Papa Pounamu work programme has five priority areas of focus which Chief Executives have agreed to make mandatory within their agencies. Pounamu has a special place in Maori culture and was used in all parts of … Pounamu has a special place in Maori culture and was used in all parts of … Symbol of a … The stone is quite striking with paler shades of green intermingled with streaks of yellow or orange. The colours in this stone can range from light transparent inanga, mid to rich kahurangi greens to intense dark kawakawa. There are many different tribal traditions about the origins of pounamu. Known for it light to mid green colour with swirls of darker colours and inclusions. Maori recognised four main types of Pounamu Kawakawa pounamu. Named after the shining cuckoo, the green and white shimmering plumage are similar to the thin bands of light that cause a chatoyant effect like a cat’s eye as the stone is moved about. Buying Pounamu. We stock a stunning range of New Zealand Greenstone Jewellery and Pounamu Carvings. The first European explorers who came to New Zealand saw the Maori wearing Jade ornaments and called it Greenstone not realising that it was a type of Jade. Pounamu. Different types of Pounamu from New Zealand. There is a lot of confusion around different names to describe jade, basically greenstone, jade and pounamu are all the same thing. This is a rare and unique type of stone usually found in the inanga, tangiwai and dark kawakawa varieties. 1 Poutini was a taniwha or guardian of pounamu. 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